Vitamin A (Beta-Carotene/Vitamin A pre-cursor) 5,000 IU Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin. Sources of vitamin A include organ meats (such as liver and kidney), egg yolks, butter, carrot juice, squash, sweet potatoes, spinach, peaches, fortified dairy products and cod liver oil. Vitamin A is also part of a family of compounds, including retinol, retinal and beta-carotene. Beta-carotene, also known as pro-vitamin A, can be converted into vitamin A when additional levels are required. All the body’s tissues for general growth and repair need vitamin A. Vitamin A helps to promote healthy night vision, support normal bone growth, and support an antioxidant defense and a healthy immune system. *
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) 75 mg Vitamin C is found in peppers (sweet, green, red, hot red and green chili), citrus fruits and brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, collards, mustard greens, broccoli, spinach, guava, kiwi fruit, currants and strawberries. Nuts and grains contain small amounts of vitamin C. It is important to note that cooking destroys vitamin C activity. *
Vitamin C is integral in supporting a healthy immune system, promoting cardiovascular health, maintaining healthy cholesterol levels and providing an antioxidant defense. The body does not manufacture vitamin C on its own, nor does it store it. Therefore, vitamin C must be acquired through diet and supplementation. *
Vitamin E (d-alpha-Tocopherol Succinate) 33 IU The most valuable sources of dietary vitamin E include vegetable oils, margarine, nuts, seeds, avocados and wheat germ. Safflower oil contains large amounts of vitamin E (about two thirds of the RDA in ¼ cup) and there are trace amounts in corn oil and soybean oil. Vitamin E is actually a family of related compounds called tocopherols and tocotrienols. Vitamin E is available in a natural or synthetic form. In most cases, the natural and synthetic forms are identical except the natural form of vitamin E is better absorbed and retained in the body. The natural form of alpha-tocopherol is known as "d-alpha tocopherol." (The natural form is found in nutraMetrix Vision Formula.) The synthetic "dl-" form is the most common form found in dietary supplements. For those individuals watching their dietary fat consumption, which is relatively common in the world of dieting, vitamin E intake is likely to be low, due to a reduced intake of foods with high fat content. *
The main health benefit of supplemental vitamin E comes from its immune-boosting antioxidant activity. It also promotes normal healing and and is known to provide protection for the cardiovascular system. Vitamin E is one of the most powerful fat-soluble antioxidants in the body. In turn, vitamin E protects cell membranes from free radical damage. *
Lutein and Zeaxanthin Lutein and Zeaxanthin are carotenoids found together in many fresh fruits and vegetables. Within the eye, they are found as pigments in the macula and retina. Lutein and Zeaxanthin act as antioxidants to protect the eye from free radical damage. They promote pigment density, a critical factor in the health of the macula and retina in relation to the clarity of the lens. They also act as filters of blue-light to promote the health of photoreceptor cells of the retina. Blue-light wavelengths can generate free radical damage.
Bilberry 50 mg Bilberry extract is derived from the leaves and berry-like fruit of a common European shrub closely related to the blueberry. Extracts of the ripe berry are known to contain flavonoid pigments known as anthocyanins. They act as powerful antioxidants. Scientific studies confirm a positive effect on vision and vein issues. Bilberry supports night vision and eases eyestrain while nourishing eye tissue and supporting healthy circulation in the eye. Many of the bioflavanoids in bilberry have antioxidant effects, supporting the structural integrity of blood vessels and promoting healthy circulation to small capillaries that deliver oxygen and nutrients to the eyes. Bilberry extract supports capillaries while promoting normal healing.*
Eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis) 10 mg Eyebright is an annual plant with deeply-cut leaves and small, white or purple flowers variegated with yellow, native to Great Britain. There are over twenty species of Eyebright that extend over Europe, Northern and Western Asia and North America. The health-promoting portion of eyebright comes from fluid extracted just above the root only when the plant is in bloom. *
Eyebright has been used by herbalists since the 16th century for promoting eye health.*
Chromium (Nicotinate) 100 mcg Chromium is found naturally in some cereals, meats, poultry, brewer’s yeast, broccoli, prunes mushrooms, fish and beer. Chromium is an essential trace mineral that plays an important role in glucose metabolism, regulation of insulin levels, and the maintenance of healthy blood levels of cholesterol and other fats. Chromium combines to form something in the body called glucose tolerance factor, or GTF, which promotes normal blood sugar levels. It is claimed that chromium helps maintain normal cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Chromium has been shown to help reduce overall body fat, control hunger and suppress appetite. Many people in the weight loss industry view chromium as an integral mineral in weight maintenance. Chromium may also contribute to an increase in lean body and muscle mass. *
Copper (Gluconate) 100 mcg The richest sources of dietary copper derive from organ meats, seafood, nuts, seeds, wheat bran cereal, whole grain products and cocoa products. Copper may have some antioxidant properties and acts as a component of enzymes in iron metabolism. It is an essential trace mineral. Copper is needed in normal infant development, iron transport, bone strength, cholesterol metabolism, myocardial contractility, glucose metabolism, brain development and immune function.*
Zinc (Lactate) 7 mg Zinc is largely found in fortified cereals, red meats, eggs, poultry and certain seafood including oysters. It is a component of multiple enzymes and proteins. It is also involved in the regulation of gene expression. Zinc is an essential trace mineral that has functions in approximately 300 different enzyme reactions. Thus, zinc plays a part in almost all biochemical pathways and physiological processes. More than 90 percent of the body’s zinc is stored in the bones and muscles, but zinc is also found in virtually all body tissues. It has been claimed that zinc promotes normal healing, immune function, prostate health and healthy sperm quality. Because zinc is involved in such a great number of enzymatic processes, it has been found to support a large range of functions, including digestion, energy production, growth, cellular repair, collagen synthesis, bone strength, cognitive function and carbohydrate metabolism. *
Quercetin 25 mg Quercetin is a bioflavonoid that is an excellent antioxidant working synergistically with vitamin C to promote the strength of intricate blood vessels in the eye. It also helps to maintain lens transparency. Quercetin has been shown to inhibit the enzyme, aldose reductase. Aldose reductase has been known to contribute to poor eye health.*
L-Taurine 42 mg L-Taurine is a building block for all the other amino acids. It aids in the transport of potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium in and out of cells, thus supporting the normal generation of nerve impulses. It is a non-protein amino acid, and is found in high amounts in the brain, retina, myocardium, skeletal and smooth muscle, platelets and neutrophils. It is plentiful in the fluids of muscle, lungs and nerve tissue. Dietary taurine mainly comes from animal food sources. Taurine is also present, in lower levels, in plant food sources like seaweed. It is classified as an essential amino acid and supports micelle formation and fat absorption. Further, it promotes alertness, mental energy and focus. Taurine also has antioxidant properties and supports stable membranes. It may also help maintain a healthy cardiovascular system. It helps protect the eyes from the harmful effects of UV light and promotes the health of the membranes in the cones cells of the eye. It also helps maintain healthy cholesterol and blood pressure levels.