Riboflavin (Vitamin B2): 3.26 mg
Vitamin B2 is a water-soluble vitamin that promotes the body's ability to process amino acids and fats, activate vitamin B6 and folic acid, and support the normal conversion of carbohydrates into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the fuel the body uses to function. Vitamin B2 promotes energy production and since energy production increases in pregnancy, it makes sense that RDAs for these vitamins also increase.
Chromium (Arginate, Picolinate): 215 mcg
Chromium is an essential trace mineral which promotes efficient functioning of insulin, which is important because good insulin activity is critical for hunger control, supporting metabolism, building and retaining muscle and vital organ tissue. Chromium supports a healthy metabolism of protein, fat and carbohydrates.
Chromium is predominately found in a picolinate and an arginate form. The arginate is a form of chromium is bonded with the essential amino acid Arginine making it ideal to help support cardiovascular health by helping to maintain normal insulin sensitivity. It also helps maintain healthy blood sugar and cholesterol levels, Chromium picolinate is good for individuals trying to lose weight since it helps preserve lean muscle mass and control sugar cravings.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine HCI): 2 mg
Vitamin B6 is the master vitamin for processing amino acids the building blocks of all proteins and some hormones. Vitamin B6 supports the production and breakdown of many amino acids and also promotes the production of the hormones serotonin, melatonin and dopamine, which is vital to your fetus's developing brain and nervous system.
Calcium (Sulfate): 8 mg
Calcium is found in milk, cheese, yogurt, corn tortillas, Chinese cabbage (Napa), kale and broccoli. Calcium is an essential mineral with a wide range of biological roles. Calcium exists in bone primarily in the form of hydroxyapatite (Ca10 (PO4)6 (OH) 2). Hydroxyapatite comprises approximately 40 percent of the weight of bone. The skeleton has an obvious structural requisite for calcium. The skeleton also acts as a storehouse for calcium. Apart from being a major constituent of bones and teeth, calcium promotes normal muscle contraction, nerve conduction, cardiovascular health, the production of energy and helps maintain a healthy immune system.
A sufficient daily calcium intake is necessary for maintaining bone density and maintaining healthy teeth and bones. When the body does not obtain enough calcium each day, it draws calcium from the bones causing them to thin.
Coenzyme Q10: 60 mg
Coenzyme Q10 belongs to a family of substances called ubiquinones and is a fat-soluble, wax-like substance that is part of the respiratory chain. It is synthesized in the cells and is involved in electron transport and energy production in mitochondria where about 95 percent of the total energy required by the human body is generated. In the cellular system, CoQ10 functions to generate energy from oxygen, in the form of ATP. CoQ10 also exhibits activity as a free radical scavenger and an antioxidant. The antioxidant activity in the mitochondria and cell membranes protects against peroxidation of lipid membranes. Coenzyme Q10 can be found in spinach, broccoli, nuts, meats and fish. In the body, it is found in highest concentration in the cells of the heart, liver, kidney, spleen and pancreas, which all require vast amounts of energy. Supplementation with CoQ10 may be most beneficial for adults because the levels of CoQ10 in the body tend to peak around the age of 20 and then decline with age.
L-Carnitine: 20 mg
L-carnitine is an amino acid that is found in nearly all cells of the body. L-carnitine supports fat metabolism in the heart, organs and tissue. L-carnitine occurs naturally in animal products and only very small amounts are found in plants, with a few exceptions, such as avocado and some fermented soy products. It also plays an essential role in the transporting of long chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell, which results in additional energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). L-carnitine is synthesized in the body, mainly in the liver and kidneys, from the essential amino acids L-lysine and L-methionine.
Lipase: 5 mg
Lipase is a fat-digesting enzyme that supports the body's normal breakdown of dietary fats into an absorbable form. Lipases, such as human pancreatic lipase, support the normal conversion of triglyceride substrates found in oils from food to monoglycerides and free fatty acids. Some lipases also work within the interior spaces of living cells to support the normal degradation of lipids.