Horny Goat Weed Horny goat weed, also known as epimedium, is a genus of 21 related plant species. The Chinese refer to epimedium as "yin yang huo," which has been loosely translated by some as "licentious goat plant" and explains why Western supplement companies have adopted the titillating name by which it is known in the U.S. (horny goat weed). Epimedium is grown as an ornamental herb in Asia and the Mediterranean region, and various species are used for health-related purposes. The use of epimedium as a health-related herb dates back to at least 400 A.D. when it was used as a tonic to support libido and relieve fatigue. Horny goat weed is thought to work via modulation of cortisol levels, the primary stress hormone. Under conditions of high stress, increased cortisol levels are known to cause fatigue and depress sex drive — so maintaining normal cortisol levels back into normal ranges is also thought to help maintain a normal metabolism, libido and enhance energy levels. Horny goat weed helps the body maintain healthy levels of testosterone, which supports libido, helps maintain relaxed, smooth muscles and promotes healthy blood vessel dilation. A constituent, icariin, found in horny goat weed has also been demonstrated to promote normal erections.*
Schizandra Schizandra, also known as wu-wei-zi and sometimes spelled with an "s" (schizandra), has a long history of use in ancient Chinese healthcare as an herb capable of promoting general well-being and enhancing vitality. Schizandra and its products originated from the red berries that grow on a vine belonging to the magnolia family. Approximately 25 species of schizandra exist, and all are indigenous to Asia except for a rare form of the vine that grows in wooded areas in North Carolina and surrounding states. In dried form, schizandra berries are referred to as wu-wei-zi. In addition to its traditional use of promoting energy, schizandra has historically been taken to promote sexual vitality, to promote mental function, to beautify the skin, to support a healthy respiratory system and to support a good night sleep. Schizandra is known for its ability to promote healthy levels of nitric oxide, which is an important component of erection physiology. It is a proven adaptogen, which moderates the body's response to stress, boosts mood and promotes a healthy liver. It functions to promote physical strength and enhance physical performance.
Panax Ginseng Korean or panax ginseng grows on moist, shaded mountainsides in China, Korea and Russia. It is a perennial herb that reaches heights of two feet or more, and is distinguished by its dark green leaves and red clusters of berries.
Ginseng is believed to possess outstanding health properties, promote wisdom and longevity and support neurological functions. Ginseng is an adaptogen, which helps the body maintain proper balance, slow the effects of aging and fight fatigue. It has been used to maintain good cardiovascular health. By acting as an adaptogen, it aids the body in directly dealing with the effects of mental and physical stress. Ginseng is used to enhance physical (including sexual) and mental performance. It is used to increase energy and promote resistance to the harmful effects of stress and aging. Health-related use of ginseng can be traced back nearly 2,000 years. In traditional Chinese healthcare, ginseng was used to promote strength, promote normal blood volume, promote life and appetite, promote wisdom and quiet the spirit. Ginseng was used for supporting memory, cognition and gastrointestinal health. Ginseng promotes yang energy, normal circulation, enhances the immune system, helps maintain a healthy blood supply and promotes overall health and well-being. Ginseng may also assist in helping to maintain normal blood glucose levels.
Panax ginseng has been shown to promote an increase in sexual desire and support the ability to attain erections. It works to promote the normal production of nitric oxide, thereby supporting healthy blood vessel dilation. It also helps to promote normal sperm count and testosterone levels.
Tribulus Terrestris Tribulus (puncture vine) is a vine that has been used as a general tonic for energy, but is found primarily in dietary supplements marketed for promoting normal testosterone levels in bodybuilders and power athletes. The idea behind tribulus is that it may help maintain normal testosterone levels indirectly by helping to maintain blood levels of another hormone, luteinizing hormone (LH). LH is produced by the pituitary gland and plays a role in regulating natural testosterone production and serum levels.
Tribulus terrestris promotes normal erections by supporting healthy testosterone levels, which are contingent upon normal levels of the luteinizing hormone (LH). Tribulus terrestris also promotes normal DHEA levels, which supports erectile quality, enhances sexual desire and physical performance.
Ginkgo Biloba Ginkgo biloba is sometimes called a "living fossil" because it is believed to be the world's oldest living species of tree at around 200 million years old. The Ginkgo tree has been used in traditional Chinese healthcare for over 4,000 years. Various parts of the Ginkgo tree were reportedly used to promote respiratory health, healthy circulation, digestive health, memory function and as a longevity elixir. In Germany, Ginkgo is a top-selling, over-the-counter and prescription drug. Now, ginkgo biloba extracts, produced from the leaves of cultivated trees, are still very popular. High-quality ginkgo biloba extract is usually standardized to 24 percent ginkgo flavone glycosides and six percent terpene lactones. It has been found to promote healthy blood circulation to the brain, improving alertness and memory. It also protects neurons and has an impact on increasing energy levels. Further, it can act to improve mood and acts as an antioxidant. Ginkgo biloba promotes men's sexual health and erection quality. Ginkgo also promotes the ability to attain normal erections by supporting blood circulation to genitals and helping to maintain relaxed vascular smooth muscles in the penis.
Zinc Zinc is an important trace mineral found in every cell of the body. Because zinc is an essential part of nearly 300 different biochemical pathways, structure/function claims can be made for the nutrient's role in a wide variety of processes including digestion, normal energy production, growth, cellular repair and healing, collagen synthesis, bone strength, cognitive function, carbohydrate metabolism (glucose utilization and insulin production) and reproductive function. Even mild zinc deficiency has been associated with depressed immunity and impaired memory. Perhaps the most popular use for zinc lately is boosting immunity. The best dietary sources of zinc are seafood, meat, fish, poultry and eggs. Zinc has been shown to help maintain a normal sperm count. Zinc plays a part in testosterone physiology and because prostate has higher concentrations of the mineral than any other tissue, zinc supports a healthy prostate.