Cranberry Juice Concentrate: 200 mg
Cranberry is a small evergreen shrub with dark pink flowers that grows in damp bogs and mountain forests. It blooms from late spring until the end of the summer. The shrub's small red fruits are produced in the fall. The therapeutic properties of the plant come from the fruit. Cranberries contain proanthocyanidin, which are helpful in promoting a healthy urinary tract and supporting a normal pH of urine. Preliminary evidence suggests that cranberries increase the antioxidant levels of plasma and may help maintain healthy cholesterol levels by providing antioxidant protection of LDL particles. Cranberries have a high ORAC value, next to blueberries. Blueberry Extract (100 mg)
Blueberries rank highest among many fruits and vegetables for ORAC activity and contain 25-30 different types of anthocyanins. Anthocyanins give blueberries (and other fruits) their rich blue and red coloring, and are a powerful flavonoid antioxidant. The mechanism of action surrounding anthocyanins has been studied at the molecular level, demonstrating effects such as promoting cellular health. Blueberries provide large amounts of chlorogenic acid, which is thought to be important in promoting cellular health. Blueberries support the body?s COX-2 inhibitors and provide a powerful antioxidant defense, supporting a strong, comprehensive antioxidant network within the body. Grape Juice Powder: 93 mg
Grapes contain a variety of phenolic compounds including anthocyanidins, cinnamates and flavanols, which have all been shown to be effective in promoting cardiovascular health. Anthocyanidins are powerful flavonoid antioxidants that contribute to maintaining cellular health. Preliminary evidence suggests that anthocyanidins contribute to supporting healthy capillaries and providing antioxidant protection of LDL particles, which help to maintain healthy cholesterol levels and contribute to overall cardiovascular health. Raspberry Powder: 90 mg
Raspberries contain significant amounts of polyphenol antioxidants, chemicals linked to promoting endothelial and cardiovascular health. Raspberries are high in fiber, are an excellent source of vitamin C and manganese, a good source of vitamin K and magnesium, and contain some calcium and iron. Raspberries are powerful antioxidants, particularly due to their dense contents of ellagic acid (from ellagotannins), quercetin, gallic acid, anthocyanins, cyanidins, pelargonidins, catechins, kaempferol and salicylic acid. They have a high ORAC value next to cranberries and blueberries. Elderberry Extract: 40 mg
Elderberries contain the flavonoids rutin, isoqueritn and hyperoside, as well as anthocyan glycosides, an essential oil. Elderberries have historically been used to make elderberry wine, elder brandy and sambuca, a popular cordial. Elderberries have a high ORAC value and contribute to promoting a comprehensive antioxidant network and stimulating the immune system. Black Currant Extract: 40 mg
Black currants are powerful antioxidants, particularly due to their anthocyanins content. They are rich sources of vitamin C and contain high concentrations of B-vitamins, vitamin A, potassium, magnesium, iron and calcium. Black currants have a high ORAC value. They contribute to promoting a comprehensive antioxidant network, stimulating the immune system and promoting cardiovascular health. Pomegranate Powder: 40 mg
One pomegranate delivers 40 percent of an adult's daily vitamin C requirement and is a rich source of folic acid and antioxidants. Pomegranates are high in polyphenols. The most abundant polyphenols in pomegranate are hydrolysable tannins, particularly punicalagins, which research has shown to be the antioxidant responsible for the free-radical scavenging ability of pomegranate juice.
Many food and dietary supplement makers have found the advantages of using pomegranate extracts (which have no sugar, calories or additives), instead of the juice, as healthy ingredients in their products. Many pomegranate extracts are essentially ellagic acid, which is largely a by-product of the juice extraction process. Ellagic acid has been shown in published studies to absorb into the body when consumed as ellagitannins such as punicalagins. Prune Extract: 30 mg
Plums contain several powerful antioxidants with a high ORAC content. They are rich sources of many essential vitamins and minerals. They are also rich in dietary fiber, sorbitol and isatin. They have been commonly used to promote digestive health, but also contribute to a comprehensive antioxidant network, promote cognitive health and cardiovascular health. Chokeberry Extract: 20 mg
Chokeberries are powerful antioxidants due to their high anthocyanins content. They are rich in vitamins and minerals and contribute to general health and well-being. They contribute to a comprehensive antioxidant network, scavenging free radicals and promoting antioxidant protection of LDL particles. Black Pepper Extract (Bioperine®): 56 mg
Bioperine® is a standardized extract from the fruit of Piper nigrum L (black pepper) or Piper longum L (long pepper). It contains 95 percent of piperine. The metabolic process that generates energy at the cellular level in the human body is called thermogenesis. Though thermogenesis has been identified as a key factor in maintaining weight loss, it has also been identified as playing an integral role in utilizing the daily food and nutrients that the human body consumes. It sets in motion the mechanisms that lead to digestion and subsequent gastrointestinal absorption. Piperine, in the patented form of Bioperine®, promotes the body's natural thermogenic activity. Bioperine enhances the bioavailability of certain nutrients, especially antioxidants. Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) 100 mg
Vitamin C is found in peppers (sweet, green, red, hot red and green chili), citrus fruits and brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, collards, mustard greens, broccoli, spinach, guava, kiwi fruit, currants and strawberries. Nuts and grains contain small amounts of vitamin C.It is important to note that cooking destroys vitamin C activity.
Vitamin C is integral in supporting a healthy immune system, promoting cardiovascular health, maintaining healthy cholesterol levels and providing an antioxidant defense. The body does not manufacture vitamin C on its own, nor does it store it. Therefore, vitamin C must be acquired through diet and supplementation.
Vitamin E (Natural tocopherol d-gamma 70%, d-delta 21%, d-alpha 7%, d-beta 2%): 30 mg
Vitamin E is a collective term for a group of compounds from the tocopherol and tocotrienol chemical groups. The most valuable sources of dietary vitamin E include vegetable oils, margarine, nuts, seeds, avocados and wheat germ. Safflower oil contains large amounts of vitamin E (about two thirds of the RDA in ¼ cup) and there are trace amounts in corn oil and soybean oil. Vitamin E is available in a natural or synthetic form. In most cases, the natural and synthetic forms are identical except the natural form of vitamin E is better absorbed and retained in the body. For those individuals watching their dietary fat consumption, which is relatively common in the world of dieting, vitamin E intake is likely to be low, due to a reduced intake of foods with high fat content.* The main health benefit of supplemental vitamin E comes from its immune-boosting antioxidant activity. It is also known to provide protection for the cardiovascular system. Vitamin E is one of the most powerful, fat-soluble antioxidants in the body. In turn, vitamin E protects cell membranes from free radicals. The combination of vitamins C and E helps form the antioxidant network, allowing the vitamins to engage (synergistically) in each others? regeneration from the spent state back to the active antioxidant state so that they can continue neutralizing free radicals. Mixed Tocopherols: 30 mg
Palm tocotrienols, along with tocopherols, are members of the vitamin E family and are extracted from the fruit of the palm tree. Tocotrienols are one of the two related families of compounds that are collectively regarded as vitamin E. As mentioned above, vitamin E is one of the most powerful fat-soluble antioxidants in the body and the antioxidant properties of tocotrienols appear to be superior to those of tocopherols. Dietary sources of tocotrienols include almonds, rice bran oil, pistachios, palm oil and barley. Like vitamin E, palm tocotrienols also help maintain a healthy level of HMG-CoA reductase, a key enzyme in our bodies used by the liver to produce cholesterol. New data on the biological activity of tocotrienols in cardiovascular health maintenance along with its antioxidant properties have raised tocotrienols to a new level of prominence in the scientific community.