Advantra Z®† (Standard 10 percent adrenergic amines, including synephrine, N-methyltyramine, hordenine, octopamine and tyramine from citrus aurantium 30 mg) (Fruit): 300 mg nutraMetrix MochaTonix features a patented ingredient, Advantra Z, that helps to burn fat and increase physical performance. Derived from the Chinese herb citrus aurantium, Advantra Z promotes lipolysis, the breakdown of fat, and thermogenesis, the production of body heat in muscle and fat. By promoting lipolysis and thermogenesis, Advantra Z supports the body’s fat loss. The effectiveness of Advantra Z comes from its ability to support the activity of beta-3 adrenergic receptor types, one of four receptors in every cell that support and determine the body's response to adrenergic amines such as adrenalin and noradrenalin. It binds to beta-3 receptors, which signal the fat cells to degrade stored fat. The adrenergic amines in Advantra Z also support the resting metabolic rate without affecting sensitive alpha-1, alpha-2, beta-1 and beta-2 receptors that could initiate changes in blood pressure and cardiac function. Advantra Z, when used in tandem with a high protein intake and a moderate weight-training program, promotes the availability of amino acids to the body to incorporate into protein and build lean muscle mass. Advantra Z, when combined with exercise, can help the body burn fat, build lean muscle mass and increase physical performance. Not only does it provide additional energy, it can help the body use more efficiently the energy stored in fat.*
Synephrine is the primary active compound found in the fruit of the citrus aurantium plant. Synephrine, a component of citrus aurantium, is chemically very similar to the ephedrine and pseudo-ephedrine found in many OTC cold/allergy medications and in a number of weight loss and energy supplements. Because synephrine is a natural stimulant, similar to caffeine, it is thought to have similar effects in terms of providing an energy boost, suppressing appetite, supporting metabolic rate and promoting caloric expenditure.*
Traditional Chinese herbalists use zhi shi to help stimulate the Qi (energy force). Although synephrine and several other compounds found in zhi shi are structurally similar to ephedrine and are known to act as stimulants (via adrenergic activity), zhi shi does not appear to have the same negative central nervous effects of ma huang (ephedra). Through its stimulation of specific adrenergic receptors (beta-3, but not beta-1, beta-2 or alpha-1), zhi shi is theorized to promote normal fat metabolism without the negative cardiovascular side effects. The extract of citrus aurantium, in addition to synephrine, also contains tyramine and octopamine.
Octopamine may be related in some way to appetite control, as it is thought to influence insect behavior by stopping bugs from eating the citrus fruit.*
Lipolysis and Thermogenic Support Blend:
Guarana (standardized, 36 percent caffeine) (Seed), Green Tea Extract (Leaf) Yerba Maté (Ilex paraguariensis) Guarana derives from the seeds of a South American shrub – most of which originates in Brazil. Traditional uses of guarana by natives of the Amazonian rain forest include mixing crushed seeds in foods and beverages to promote alertness and reduce occasional fatigue. As a dietary supplement, guarana is an effective energy booster, as it contains about twice the caffeine found in coffee beans (about three to four percent caffeine in guarana seeds compared to one to two percent for coffee beans). It enhances physical and mental performance and promotes weight loss. The seeds of guarana are known to be rich in xanthines (caffeine) and have been widely used as a tonic in many South American countries, particularly Brazil. In studies which have determined the total xanthine content of guarana powder, caffeine content typically averages 30-50 percent (depending on the extract). Related compounds such as theobromine and theophylline are found at levels of one to three percent and, like caffeine, can be detected in the urine for up to nine days following guarana intake. Most of the scientific evidence on caffeine as a general stimulant and an aid to exercise performance shows convincingly that caffeine is effective. When combined with other stimulant-type supplements such as citrus aurantium, however, it appears that caffeine promotes the action of the citrus aurantium in promoting caloric expenditure.*
Green Tea Extract Green tea extract has been used for its health benefits for centuries in India and China. A number of beneficial health effects are related to regular consumption of green tea and dried/powdered extracts of green tea that are available in some dietary supplements. Green tea is prepared by picking, lightly steaming and allowing the leaves to dry. The active components in green tea are a family of polyphenols (catechins) and flavonols, which possess powerful antioxidant activity. Several catechins are present in major quantities; epicatechin (EC), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin gallate (ECG) and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). EGCG makes up around 10 to 50 percent of the total catechin content and appears to be the most powerful of all the catechins, with antioxidant activity about 25-100 times more powerful than vitamins C and E.*
Green tea extract is reported to support cardiovascular health by helping to maintain normal cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Recent studies have suggested that catechins may be important in promoting weight loss.*
In some studies, green tea is associated with the promotion of thermogenesis (increased caloric expenditure), which is generally attributed to its caffeine content. At least one study indicates that the thermogenic properties of green tea may be due to an interaction between its high content of catechin-polyphenols, along with caffeine. A probable theory for the thermogenic effect of green tea is an increase in levels of norepinephrine – because catechin-polyphenols are known to inhibit catechol-O-methyl-transferase (the enzyme that degrades norepinephrine). One study examined this theory and the effect of green tea extract on 24-hour energy expenditure, in 10 healthy men, who each consumed green tea extract (50mg caffeine and 90mg epigallocatechin gallate), caffeine (50 mg) and placebo (at breakfast, lunch and dinner). The results of the study suggested that the thermogenic properties of green tea are due to compounds other than its caffeine content alone.*
Yerba Maté Yerba maté is an evergreen with white flowers and red fruit, found naturally only in South America. Its health-promoting parts are the dried or roasted leaves, which have proven to be a rich source of caffeine. Yerba maté contains xanthines, which are alkaloids in the same family as caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine, well-known stimulants also found in coffee and chocolate. Yerba Maté also contains the chemical elements potassium, magnesium and manganese.
Like coffee, Yerba maté stimulates the central nervous system. It is largely used to fight occasional fatigue. Also, Yerba maté has been found to heighten energy. Yerba maté has been said to promote a mental state of wakefulness, focus and alertness, but many often remark on Yerba Maté's unique lack of the negative effects typically created by other similar compounds.*
Noradrenalin Support Blend: L-Phenylalanine, L-Tyrosine, Taurine, Glycine: 1550 mg
L-Phenylalanine L-phenylalanine is an essential amino acid. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. The body cannot produce L-phenylalanine, so it must obtain it from diet or supplements. The main dietary sources of L-phenylalanine are high protein foods such as meat, fish, eggs and dairy products. A significant dietary source may be through consumption of sugar-free products containing the artificial sweetener aspartame (Nutrasweet), which is formed by a combination of phenylalanine with another amino acid – aspartic acid. Amino acids come in two forms, designated as L- and D- forms. The L- form is the naturally occurring form in foods, whereas the D- form is the synthetic variety.
L-phenylalanine acts as an amino acid precursor promoting noradrenalin production, which in turn supports mental alertness. L-phenylalanine promotes the burning of fat and helps maintain muscle and provides a steady energy boost throughout the day. Also, it helps maintain feel good amines in the body, which is a great benefit for those on the run and dieting at the same time. These amines are helpful in lifting overall mood. L-phenylalanine helps maintain nervous system health.* L-Tyrosine L-tyrosine is an essential amino acid that the body cannot produce on its own, so it must be obtained from external sources such as diet or supplementation. L-tyrosine is found naturally in all kinds of proteins. Dietary sources are primarily from animal and vegetable proteins. Vegetables and juices contain small amounts of the free amino acid. The free amino acid is also found in fermented foods like yogurt and miso (a soy product). L-tyrosine that helps the brain maintain proper amounts of the catecholamines dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine.*
Taurine Taurine is a nonprotein amino acid and is found in high amounts in the brain, retina, myocardium, skeletal and smooth muscle, platelets and neutrophils. It is plentiful in the fluids of muscle, lungs and nerve tissue. Dietary taurine mainly comes from animal food sources. Taurine is also present, in lower levels, in plant food sources like seaweed. It is classified as an essential amino acid and promotes normal micelle formation and fat absorption. It promotes the normal hydration of the body and gives an energy boost by promoting the cells’ nutrient uptake. Furthermore, it promotes mental alertness and supports the ability to concentrate. Taurine also has antioxidant activities and promotes stable membranes. It helps maintain healthy chlolesterol and blood pressure levels. It may also help maintain a healthy cardiovascular system while also delivering detoxifying activities.*
Glycine Glycine is a simple amino acid found in the body. Glycine promotes the normal synthesis of proteins, peptides, purines, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), nucleic acids, porphyrins, hemoglobin, glutathione, creatine, bile salts, and one-carbon fragments, glucose, glycogen, L-serine and other amino acids. It supports the normal transport of noradrenalin into cells against their concentration gradient. Glycine helps promote normal glycogen storage. It helps to maintain the central nervous system.*
Herbal Adaptogen and Cognitive Support Blend:
Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Rhodiola Rosea (fruit) Ginger (Root), Gingko Biloba (24 percent flavone glycosides, six percent terpenes) (Leaf), American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) (Root), Korean Ginseng (Panax Ginseng)(Root), Gotu Kola (Leaf) 305 mg
Acetyl-L-Carnitine Acetyl-L-Carnitine is an amino acid that is produced in the liver and kidneys from lysine and methionine. The primary role of acetyl-l-carnitine is to support the normal transport and metabolism of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria for beta-oxidation and energy generation. Carnitine can be also found in foods such as meat and dairy products. It helps maintain normal cognitive function and promotes memory and alertness. Carnitine has the power to enhance endurance.*
Rhodiola Rosea Rhodiola rosea , the root of rhodiola, has been used in traditional health care in other countries around the world. Rhodiola rosea is classified as an adaptogen. An adaptogen is a substance that promotes a balancing action on the body, supporting resistance to stressful conditions due to lifestyle and/or diet. Rhodiola rosea contains phenylpropanoids such as rosavin, rosarin and rosin. Other constituents include salidroside, monoterpene rosiridin, flavonoids, tannins and an essential oil. Rhodiola also contains a range of antioxidant compounds, including p-tyrosol, organic acids (gallic acid, caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid), and flavonoids (catechins and proanthocyanidins). The adaptogenic properties of rhodiola rosea are attributed to p-tyrosol, salidroside, rhodioniside, rhodiolin, rosin, rosavin, rosarin and mad rosiridin. Rosavin is the constituent currently selected for standardization of extracts.*
Rhodiola rosea's effects are due in part to its power to help maintain serotonin and dopamine levels and its support of opioid peptides such as beta-endorphins. Rhodiola rosea helps maintain normal levels and activity of biogenic monoamines such as serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine in the cerebral cortex, brain stem and hypothalamus.* Rhodiola rosea helps to improve both physical and mental performance and reduces occasional fatigue.*
Ginger Ginger is a shoot-like plant with a single purple-green flower that contains a thick root from which uses for this plant originate. It is native to coastal India, but is now grown and harvested commonly in Jamaica, China, Africa and the West Indies. The root is the source of ginger’s aroma and is the source of the spice. Ginger was traditionally used to promote gastrointestinal comfort.*
Ginkgo Biloba Ginkgo biloba is sometimes called a living fossil because it is believed to be the world's oldest living species at around 200 million years. The ginkgo tree has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 4,000 years. Various parts of the ginkgo tree were reportedly used to maintain circulation, as a digestive aid, as a tonic for memory and as a longevity elixir. Gingkgo biloba extracts are produced from the leaves of cultivated trees. High quality ginkgo biloba extract is usually standardized to 24 percent ginkgo flavone glycosides and six percent terpene lactones. It has been found to promote alertness and memory. It also has an impact on restoring energy levels. Further, it can act as mood enhancer and an antioxidant.*
American and Korean Ginsengs Part of a group of adaptogenic herbs from the plant family Araliacae, Ginseng means essence of the earth in the form of a man. Seng is a term employed by Chinese medicinal root gatherers for fleshy roots used as tonics. American ginseng grows in shady woodlands with rich soils. It is native to Ohio and found mostly in the Appalachian region of the state. Its range outside of Ohio extends into the eastern half of the United States, from Quebec to Minnesota and south to Georgia and Oklahoma. Korean or Panax ginseng grows on moist, shaded mountainsides in China, Korea and Russia. It is a perennial herb that reaches heights of two or more feet, and is distinguished by its dark green leaves and red clusters of berries.
Ginseng is believed to possess outstanding heath properties. Ginseng is an adaptogen, which helps the body maintain proper balance and fight occasional fatigue. Ginseng is used to enhance physical and mental performance and increase energy. Health-related uses of ginseng can be traced back nearly 2,000 years. In traditional Chinese medicine, ginseng is a tonic used to increase strength, promote life and appetite, quiet the spirit and give wisdom. Ginseng was traditionally used to promote memory, support cognition and support gastrointestinal health. Ginseng promotes Yang energy.*
Gotu Kola A vine-like plant native to India and Southeast Asia, Gotu kola increases energy levels and promotes memory.*
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) 350 mg Around 90 percent of vitamin C in the average American diet derives from fruits and vegetables. Peppers (sweet, green, red, hot red and green chili) are especially rich in vitamin C. Other good sources include citrus fruits and juices, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, collards, mustard greens, broccoli, spinach, guava, kiwi fruit, currants and strawberries. Nuts and grains contain smaller amounts of vitamin C. It is important to note that cooking destroys vitamin C activity.
Vitamin E (d-alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate) 30 IU The most valuable sources of dietary vitamin E include vegetable oils, margarine, nuts, seeds, avocados and wheat germ. Safflower oil contains large amount of vitamin E and there are trace amounts found in corn oil and soybean oil.
Vitamin E is actually a family of related compounds called tocopherols and tocotrienols. Vitamin E is available in a natural or synthetic form. In most cases, the natural and synthetic form of vitamins and minerals are identical. With vitamin E, the natural form is far superior in terms of absorption and retention in the body. The natural form of alpha-tocopherol is known as d-alpha tocopherol. For those individuals watching their dietary fat consumption, which is relatively common in the world of dieting, vitamin E intake is likely to be low, due to a reduced intake of foods with fat content.*
Vitamin E is one of the most powerful fat-soluble antioxidants in the body by protecting cell membranes from free radicals.*
B-Vitamins (Thiamin HCL,(B1),1.5 mg/Riboflavin(B2),1.7mg/ Niacin,4 mg/Niacinamide (Ascorbate),75 mg/ B6(Pyridoxine HCL),16 mg/Folic Acid,100mcg./B12 (Cyanocobalamin), 20 mcg./B5 (D-Calcium Pantothenate), 18 mg The B-vitamins are largely found in meats, beans, cereals, eggs, nuts and seeds, and Brewer’s Yeast.
The main role of B-vitamins is to produce energy, specifically acting as co-factors in the Kreb’s cycle where they turn food energy into usable energy for the body and its cells. The B-vitamins can promote mental clarity, help maintain a normal metabolism and possibly alleviate occasional fatigue. They have the propensity to work together, synergistically supporting the transport of other vitamins or other B-vitamins. Vitamin B6 is especially useful in supporting the transfer of other vitamins across the blood barrier.*
Magnesium (Oxide) 43 mg Foods rich in magnesium include unpolished grains, nuts and green vegetables. Green leafy vegetables are powerful sources of magnesium because of their chlorophyll content. Meats, starches and milk contain smaller amounts of magnesium. Magnesium is required for energy release and regulating our metabolism.*
Zinc (Oxide) 3 mg Zinc is largely found in fortified cereals, red meats, eggs, poultry and certain seafoods, including oysters.
It is a component of multiple enzymes and proteins. It is also involved in the regulation of gene expression. Zinc is an essential trace mineral that has functions in 300 different enzymatic reactions. Thus, zinc plays a part in almost all biochemical pathways and physiological processes. More than 90 percent of the body’s zinc is stored in the bones (30 percent) and muscles (60 percent), but zinc is also found in virtually all body tissues. Because zinc is involved in such a great number of enzymatic processes, it has been found to positively affect a large range of issues including energy production, cognitive function and carbohydrate metabolism (glucose utilization and insulin production).*
Copper (Gluconate) 400 mcg The richest sources of dietary copper derive from organ meats, seafood, nuts, seeds, wheat bran cereal, whole grain products and cocoa products. It may have some antioxidant properties and acts as a component of enzymes in iron metabolism. It is an essential trace mineral.*
Chromium (Amino Acid Chelate) 150 mcg Chromium is found naturally in some cereals, meats, poultry, brewer’s yeast, broccoli, prunes mushrooms, fish and beer. Chromium is reported to help reduce overall body fat. Many in the weight loss industry view chromium as an integral mineral in weight maintenance.*
Potassium 236 mg Foods rich in potassium include fresh vegetables and fruits, such as bananas, oranges, cantaloupe, avocado, raw spinach, raw spinach, cabbage and celery.
Potassium is an essential macromineral that supports biochemical and physiological processes. Among other things, it is important in the production of energy, the synthesis of nucleic acids and the maintenance of intracellular tonicity. Potassium promotes glycogen and protein synthesis. Potassium is important in releasing energy from protein, fat and carbohydrates during metabolism.*