Coenzyme Q10 (CoQSol-CF®)†: 102 mg
Coenzyme Q10 belongs to a family of substances called ubiquinones and is a water-insoluble, wax-like substance that is part of the respiratory chain. Since it is a coenzyme, it is necessary to support the action of an enzyme. CoQ10 is found in each of the trillions of cells throughout the body, except for mature red blood cells. It has a multitude of health benefits at the cellular level, in the cardiovascular system and with the body’s metabolism.
Much is known about the biochemistry of CoQ10. CoQ10 is a two-part compound that is composed of a long, fat-soluble isoprenoid tail that anchors the molecule in the inner membrane of the mitochondria, and quinine that is capable of accepting and transferring electrons through a portion of the respiratory chain. The “Q” stands for quinine and the “10” stands for the number of isoprenoid units in the tail portion of the molecule. It is synthesized in the cells, and is involved in electron transport and energy production in mitochondria.
All cellular functions depend upon the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is a molecule with three high-energy phosphate bonds, and is the primary energy source for many metabolic processes. CoQ10 is essential to the ATP production process. The heart has a high metabolic demand, which is why normal levels of CoQ10 are associated with good cardiovascular health. As part of the energy production process, CoQ10 functions to generate energy from oxygen, in the form of ATP, for bodily processes. CoQ10 serves as a free radical scavenger and an antioxidant. The antioxidant activity in the mitochondria and cell membranes protects against peroxidation of lipid membranes. Combining CoQ10 with vitamin E generates a synergistic antioxidant effect on lipoprotein and spares the vitamin E.
CoQSol-CF® is a unique, patent-pending formula including these ingredients: CoQ10, food grade d-limonene (which serves as a non-polar, organic solvent), and tocopherols ( a form of vitamin E). This combination of ingredients creates a liquid, crystal-free solution of CoQ10 that provides enhanced bioavailability.
† CoQSol-CF® is a registered trademark of Soft Gel Technologies.
Vitamin E (d-alpha-Tocopherol): 200 IU
Vitamin E is a family of related compounds called tocopherols and tocotrienols. It is available in a natural or synthetic form. In most cases, the natural and synthetic forms are identical except the natural form of vitamin E is better absorbed and retained in the body. Along with vitamins A, D and K, vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin. For those individuals watching their dietary fat consumption, vitamin E intake is likely to be low due to a reduced intake of foods with high fat content.
Vitamin E is one of the most powerful fat-soluble antioxidants in the body. It helps protect cell membranes from the effects of free radicals. Additionally, high intakes of vitamin E has been found to support cardiovascular health.